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Lifting and moving heavy timbers


The purpose of this standard is to provide the delegate with the knowledge and skills to safely lift and move heavy timbers for a simple timber frame structure.


1 day of 6 learning hours


The purpose of this standard is to provide the delegate with the knowledge and skills to safely lift and move heavy timbers for a simple timber frame structure. 


  • personal protective equipment (PPE) 
  • respiratory protective equipment (RPE) 
  • moving timbers in the workshop 
  • manual handling techniques 
  • lifting with multiple people 
  • rotating and positioning timbers 
  • jacks, levers, rollers & winches 
  • lifting with pallet trucks 
  • lifting operations 
  • mechanical equipment 
  • lifting using plant 
  • gin poles, shear legs and derricks.

Occupational relevance

Training delivered against this standard would be relevant to the following occupational groups: 

operative and craft.

Delegates pre-requisites

There are no delegate pre-requisites as part of this standard, however a basic knowledge of the Oak Frame industry or carpentry terminology and techniques would be beneficial. 


As a minimum, course trainers must be able to demonstrate that, in relation to this standard, they have: 

an award in education and training (or equivalent, as per requirements for approved training organisations)   
successfully completed training to this standard 
an LOLER training qualification 
at least 2 years relevant industrial experience 
a verifiable CV.


Delivery may be in an on or off the job environment. 

All materials and equipment must be of a suitable quality and quantity for delegates to achieve learning outcomes and must comply with relevant legislation. 

The class size and delegate/trainer ratio must allow training to be delivered in a safe manner and enable delegates to achieve the learning outcomes.  

The following delivery methods may be used in the delivery of this standard: 


This standard is considered to contain 51% or more practical training. 

This standard is considered to be set at an intermediate level. 


For the successful completion of training, delegates must complete an end of course practical assessment or knowledge test that measures all learning outcomes and has a pass or fail criteria. 

Where this training is assessed using multiple-choice questions, a minimum of 10 questions must be asked and delegates are required to achieve an overall pass mark of at least 80%. 

Quality assurance


Quality assurance against this standard will require initial approval of the training organisation and their content mapped to the standard.  

CITB will also conduct an approval intervention, either desk-based or centre visit, to ensure the training organisation can meet the requirements of the training standard.  

Approved training organisations (ATOs) will be required to present information on records of training and assessment upon request to CITB for desk-based analysis. They will also be visited annually by the CITB quality assurance team


There are no mandatory renewal or recommended refresher requirements for this standard.



Review cycle 

On request or 3 years from approval date. 

Learning outcomes

The delegate will be able to: 

Additional guidance to support learning outcome 

select, fit and use the appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)  

to include: 

  • safety footwear 
  • safety gloves 
  • safety eyewear 
  • RPE/dust masks 
  • knee protectors 
  • hearing protectors 
  • hard hats 
  • high visibility clothing 

store, maintain and report defects in training and work equipment 

to include: 

  • adhering to the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER)  
  • workshop hazard identification 
  • safe working conditions 

describe and apply risk assessment procedures to all timber movements  

to include: 

  • reference to workplace risk assessments  
  • safe methods of work 

demonstrate where to find the workplace safety policy  

to include: 

  • the delegates H&S responsibilities 

demonstrate an understanding of safe manual lifting techniques 

to include: 

  • explaining maximum lifting loads  
  • Health and Safety Executive guidelines 

lift timbers with two or more people 

to include: 

  • ensuring safe access 
  • plan movement 
  • absence of trip hazards 
  • assessment of the weight of the load 

rotate and position heavy timbers using assisted manual methods 

to include: 

  • counterbalance techniques 
  • timber tongs 
  • slings and handles 
  • levers 
  • cant hooks 
  • beam spanners 
  • mauls and thumpers 

position timbers using jacks and levers 

to include: 

  • safe and appropriate use  
  • maintenance of hydraulic jacks  
  • mechanical jacks 

move timbers using rollers 

to include: 

  • assessing the weight of timber to be moved  
  • the suitability of rollers for the task 

move timbers using winches 

to include: 

  • the safe working load limit of the winch  
  • horizontal or inclined timber movements 
  • selecting and assessing a suitable anchor point 

move timbers using high lift or low-level pallet trucks 

to include: 

  • the working load limit (WLL) of equipment  
  • assessing the weight of timber to be moved 
  • banksman operations 
  • the clear safe route of movement 

describe the requirements for a lifting plan and risk assessment for all lifting operations 


describe how to use materials lifts in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions 

to include: 

  • safe working practise  
  • planned lifting methods  
  • risk assessments 

explain crane lifting operations 


describe the principles of rigging and lifting using rope & blocks 


recognise the safe WLL of different kinds of ropes and cables 


assess suitability and use appropriate methods to anchor lifting equipment 

to include: 

  • solid anchor positions 
  • ground anchors 
  • counterweights  

lift and move timbers using rigging techniques  

to include: 

  • gin poles 
  • shear legs 
  • derrick 

Additional information about this standard 

Recommended reading:  

  • OAK FRAMED BUILDINGS – Rupert Newman  
  • FRAMING ROOFS – The best of Fine Homebuilding  
  • BARNS OF RURAL BRITAIN –Graham Hughes ISBN 0-906969-36-0  
  • TIMBER FRAME – Ted Benson ISBN 1-56158-281-6  
  • TIMBER FRAMED BUILDINGS – John Bailey Bed Bucks and Cam Historic Building Research Group  
  • CONSERVATION OF TIMBER BUILDINGS – F. W. B. Charles ISBN 0-7487-0376-4 

Related standards 

  • Oak frame sector introduction 
  • Using and maintaining framing hand tools 
  • Using and maintaining framing power tools 
  • Scribing timbers for structural timber frames 
  • Design & drawing for structural timber frames 
  • Selecting, converting and grading timber 
  • Introduction to joint design and frame engineering 
  • Setting out structural timber frames 
  • Fabricating structural timber frames 
  • Site erection of structural timber frames 
  • Timber conservation & repairing timber frames 


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